Born: 1945, Fukuoka, Japan
Affiliation at the time of the award: Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Prize motivation: "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"
Prize share: 1/1
The word autophagy originates from the Greek words auto-, meaning "self", and phagein, meaning "to eat". Thus,autophagy denotes "self eating". This concept emerged during the 1960's, when researchers first observed that the cell could destroy its own contents by enclosing it in membranes, forming sack-like vesicles that were transported to a recycling compartment, called the lysosome, for degradation.
New resource on AccessPharmacy
Video lecture series
by Areo Saffarzadeh, Medical Student, Year 4, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine
Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death in South Africa due, in part, to the high prevalence of HIV. Today, the country faces the additional problem of TB bacteria becoming resistant to all available antibiotics. Doctors are running out of treatment options and, as they await new drugs and vaccines, reducing transmission becomes a crucial component of disease control.
Keep track of the latest trends and developments in
"I have lived much of my life among molecules. They are good company"
George Wald - 1967 Nobel Prize Laureate - Physiology/Medicine