This book deals with the universal phenomenon of 'development-induced displacement' that is at the heart of many a conflict and avoidable human suffering. The study shows how and why this happens and how it can be minimized. Hence, the book takes a critical look at the very notion of development and the doctrine of 'eminent domain' that underpins it. In India, this doctrine forms the basis of anachronistic and archaic laws, such as India's Land Acquisition Act, 1894. The book explores the two main restraints the doctrine holds, namely that land acquisition should be strictly for public purposes and that just compensation should be paid to the losers.
A Generation of Radical Educational Change: stories from the field is an exploration of the revolutionary impact of the greater and continuing involvement of central government in education policy making, which began in 1976 and was accelerated by the 1988 Education Act and subsequent legislation.
Since its beginnings, photography has been a valuable resource for anthropologists in the recording of ethnographic data. This book, published in conjunction with the Royal Anthropological Institute (RAI) London, looks at the significance and relevance of still photography in British anthropology from about 1860 until 1920. It examines how photography provides evidence of the past and how this evidence is used in conjunction with more traditional forms of anthropological information. And it considers the reflexive and critical nature of the photographic way of seeing within anthropology. The book opens with five substantial essays on the nature of photography, visual perception, theoretical and historical approaches to anthropological photography, and the photograph as a document. These are followed by twenty shorter essays by leading anthropologists and historians with special interest in visual representation. The essays examine the content and historical contexts of a range of 157 remarkable photographs, drawn mainly from RAI collections, many reproduced for the first time. The book as a whole establishes the intellectual and anthropological frameworks for the analysis of specific photographs and articulates a body of ideas about photography and the way in which it was perceived in anthropology. The volume encompasses many ways of thinking from the theoretical to the ethnographic and from the historical to the 'post-modern'. This pluralist approach stresses the complex nature of the photographic message and its interpretation within anthropology in a way that is as relevant to modern material as it is to the historical.
Conveys the elastic nature of African cultural expression through narratives of the Yoruba hunters' exploits. Hunters' narratives provide a window on the Yoruba understanding and explanation of their world: a cosmology that negates the anthropocentric view of creation. In a very literal sense, man, in thie peculiar world, is an equal actor with animal and nature spirits with whom he constantly contests and negotiates space.
The idea that human beings are inextricably bound to one another is at the heart of this book about African agency, especially drawing on the African philosophy Ubuntu, with its roots in human sociality and inclusivity.